Living Conditions In Victorian Towns
Towns and cities grew rapidly at the start of the 19th Century. This was because many people went to work in the new industrial factories. This had a big impact on the health of the people that moved and lived there.
In a famous study of 1842 a man called Edwin Chadwick said that these poor living conditions caused people top die much earlier than those that lived in the countryside. He found that peole, living in urban areas like Liverpool with lots of factories lived to an average of 17,if they were working class, whereas richer people living outside the cities lived until an average age of 32. He famously stated that disease killed more people than war
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This was because there were unscrupulous landlords that saw this as an opportunity to earn even more money. Rich people built houses for the working classes to live in as quickly as possible. These were built as quickly and as cheaply as possible
Back to backs were the names for these poorly built houses.
The poor had little choice but live in them. They had to live close to the factories where they worked, therefore this meant they had to live in the innercity slums
Butwhen diseases such as Cholera hit the rich as well as the poor , the rich had no choice but to improve living conditions. The clip here explain how some important individuals tried to improve Victorian Public health
Click here to see what the
government did about it
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questions on this.